Physical Therapy for arthritis by western new york physical and occupational therapy


If you have arthritis, participating in joint-friendly physical activity can improve your arthritis pain, function, mood, and quality of life. Joint-friendly physical activities are low-impact, which means they put less stress on the body, reducing the risk of injury. Examples of joint-friendly activities include walking, biking and swimming. Being physically active can also delay the onset of arthritis-related disability and help people with arthritis manage other chronic conditions such as diabetes, heart disease, and obesity. 

Learn how you can increase your physical activity safely. 

How do I exercise safely with arthritis? 

Injured unhappy fit young woman sitting in a sports club, touching her leg muscles after working out in class, suffering from pain with closed eyes, feeling unwell.

Learn how you can safely exercise and enjoy the benefits of increased physical activity with these S.M.A.R.T. tips. 

Start low, go slow. 

Modify activity when arthritis symptoms increase, try to stay active. 

Activities should be “joint friendly.” 

Recognize safe places and ways to be active. 

Talk to a health professional or certified exercise specialist. 

Start low, and go slow 

When starting or increasing physical activity, start slow and pay attention to how your body tolerates it. People with arthritis may take more time for their body to adjust to a new level of activity. If you are not active, start with a small amount of activity, for example, 3 to 5 minutes 2 times a day. Add activity a little at a time (such as 10 minutes at a time) and allow enough time for your body to adjust to the new level before adding more activity. 

Modify activity when arthritis symptoms increase, try to stay active. 

Your arthritis symptoms, such as pain, stiffness, and fatigue, may come and go and you may have good days and bad days. Try to modify your activity to stay as active as possible without making your symptoms worse. 

Activities should be “joint friendly.” 

Choose activities that are easy on the joints like walking, bicycling, water aerobics, or dancing. These activities have a low risk of injury and do not twist or “pound” the joints too much. 

Recognize safe places and ways to be active. 

Safety is important for starting and maintaining an activity plan. If you are currently inactive or you are not sure how to start your own physical activity program, Click here to get an activity plan from one of our physical therapists.  

Talk to our certified Physical Therapists. 

A Physical Therapist is a good source of information about physical activity. Certified exercise professionals at Western New York Physical and Occupational Therapy Group can answer your questions about how much and what types of activity match your abilities and health goals. 

A Man Wearing Knee Brace.

What types of activities should I do? 

Low-impact aerobic activities do not put stress on the joints and include brisk walking, cycling, swimming, water aerobics, light gardening, group exercise classes, and dancing. 

For major health benefits, do at least: 

  1. 150 minutes (2 hours and 30 minutes) of moderate-intensity aerobic activity, like cycling at less than 10 miles per hour, or 
  1. 75 minutes (1 hour and 15 minutes) of vigorous-intensity aerobic activity, like cycling at 10 mph or faster, each week. Another option is to do a combination of both. A rule of thumb is that 1 minute of vigorous-intensity activity is about the same as 2 minutes of moderate-intensity activity. 

In addition to aerobic activity, you should also do muscle-strengthening activities that involve all major muscle groups two or more days a week. 

Muscle-strengthening exercises include lifting weights, working with resistance bands can be done at one of our four centres, monitored by our fitness and physical activity experts. 

Flexibility Exercises 

Many people with arthritis have joint stiffness that makes daily tasks difficult. Doing daily flexibility exercises helps maintain range of motion so you can keep doing everyday things like household tasks, hobbies, and visiting with friends and family. 

Balance exercises  

Like walking backwards, standing on one foot, and tai chi are important for those who are at a risk of falling or have trouble walking. Do balance exercises 3 days per week if you are at risk of falling. Balance exercises are included in many fitness programs at WNY Physical and Occupational Therapy Group. 

What do I do if I have pain during or after exercise? 

It’s normal to have some pain, stiffness, and swelling after starting a new physical activity program. It may take 6 to 8 weeks for your joints to get used to your new activity level, but sticking with your activity program will result in long-term pain relief. 

Serious brunette young woman with ponytail massages her arthritic hand, injured arm during sports training, touches the red spot, looking at the wrist.

Here are some tips to help you manage pain during and after physical activity so you can keep exercising: 

  • Until your pain improves, modify your physical activity program by exercising less frequently (fewer days per week) or for shorter periods of time (less time each session). 
  • Try a different type of exercise that puts less pressure on the joints—for example, switch from walking to water aerobics. 
  • Do proper warm-up and cool-down before and after exercise. 
  • Exercise at a comfortable pace—you should be able to carry on a conversation while exercising. 
  • Make sure you have good fitting, comfortable shoes.